Khadi is an Indian Hand spun and hand woven fabric. It represents the soul of India as India is considered to be the original home of cotton, where the cultivation of cotton is guessed to have been started in agricultural era about 8000 years ago. The formal use of this word started much later after the advent of Mahatma Gandhi on Indian Scene.
Khadi is made up of Natural fibers of cotton, silk and wool symbolizing classic simplicity and giving airy comfort. It is a versatile fabric, suited for all climates i.e. cool in summers and warm in winters. Also its textured beauty is in tune with the natural look of today. Because of the above 2 reasons, the fashion circuit has recently witnessed a revival of the Khadi fabric and a very lucrative national and international market for Khadi garments. Khadi's popularity on international basis was also experienced when it was used in some of the costumes for the Star Wars prequels such as Mace Windu's (Samuel I Jackson) attire.
Also because it falls well and becomes 2nd skin after 2 washes. It breathes. Khadi has become so popular that internationally renowned fashion designers also prefer to use Khadi for even their bridal collection. It gives a magnificent effect that people now prefer to wear Khadi on every occasion. Designer and fashion watchers insist that the best Khadi can compete with the famed Egyptian cotton as now Khadi has turned from a staid and rigid fabric into a fabric that exudes youthful exuberance.
Finally it can be said that Khadi is an absolute art with beautiful weaving & craftsmanship. When completed with surface ornamentation, layering and embroidery, Khadi turns into a chic and beautifully cut ready to wear garment.
Gandhi and Khadi:
Khadi industry is the way we keep Gandhiji's dream alive. Gandhiji elevated the fragile thread of cotton to a symbol of strength, self sufficiency and self employment and that symbolism of weaving cloth made by human hands has continued till day. Understanding it:
Gandhiji discovered Charkha (the holy wheel that produces Khadi which not only covers the body but also unites the nation by providing employment to the tribal class which has the best craftsmanship but lack the education) in London in 1908.
It was when he observed that many of the men, women and children are compelled to go to bed empty stomach; he found a unique way to help such poor people by educating them to weave Khadi. Without investing a penny they can start weaving Khadi and feed their family. Spinning Khadi and producing Khadi not only for one's employment but also is a way to live with pride. He found Khadi to be unique instrument to promote communal harmony and religious tolerance. (Thus through Khadi Gandhiji gave us a message of simplicity, service to mankind, creating an indissoluble bond between the rich and the poor, capital and the labor.
As said, the future lies with nations that believe in manual labor, through Khadi, we give rebirth to the manual and auspicious work of weaving and spinning.
Gandhiji's underlying aim was of self sustainability. His whole premise was that everybody rich or poor or in between should have access to food, shelter and clothing in a self reliant way i.e. they should not create dependencies on cities, government or economies, lest they get corrupt.