Rajasthan - Rajputana earlier name is a land of royalty and heroic warriors. With India becoming an independent nation, the largest state in India. It is land locked and has borders with Punjab and Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh in the East and Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh in the South. It has international border with Pakistan. Aravalli ranges steadies the state from South West to North East, and forms a natural barrier to the monsoon winds, so that the land gets progressively drier west to the Aravallis, Culminating in the Fragile desert environment of Thar.
Rajasthan is also a state which is rich in its amazing variety of traditional skills. Its handicrafts, tie and dye work, hand block printing, quilts, blue pottery, statue making, marble craft, embroidery, brass work, miniature painting, enamel ware woollen and hand knitted carpets , sandal wares and exquisite Gems and Jewellery, fit to adorn the nobility are some of them. This range is perhaps unmatched in India.
It is a land of colour, music and dance, festivals and rituals. The landscape covers the expanse from forested and hilly, to pastoral and flat, to shifting sand dunes and this makes it a tourist paradise. Tiger Reserve and National Park of Sariska and Ranthambore, Ghana Bird Sanctuary of Bharatpur and many other such places are major attraction for tourists. Rajasthan is known for its colourful and vibrant lifestyle, with the numerous fairs and festivals that are organized here. They are also a reflection of the indomitable spirit of the Rajasthanis who have learnt to enjoy themselves even in the all of conditions. The state also glows with its historic past of royalty and magnificence.
Known as "a land of courage and gallantry", Rajasthan has always fascinated people from far and wide. The indomitable forts, splendid palaces, amazing sand dunes, tranquil lakes, beautiful temples, exotic wildlife, etc of this state leave you truly mesmerized. It is full of so many contradictions that are even hard to comprehend. In the following lines, we have provided some quick facts about Rajasthan. Read on to know get quick information on Rajasthan, India.
As the State of Rajasthan was formed by merging the princely States, it has many dialects. The four main dialects are Marwari (in western Rajasthan), Jaipuri or Dhundhari (in the east and southeast), Malvi (Malwi in the southeast), and in Alwar, Mewati is spoken, which shades off into Braj Bhasa in Bharatpur district. The main written and spoken languages are Hindi and English.
The climate of Rajasthan can be divided into four seasons: summer, monsoon, post-monsoon and winter.
In western Rajasthan the temperature may rise even to 48°C, particularly in May and June. At this time, Rajasthan's only hill station, Mt. Abu registers the lowest temperatures. In the desert regions, the temperature drops at night.
The second season, Monsoon, extends from July to September. Temperature drops, even when there is slight drop in the temperature most of the rains occur during this period. The post-monsoon period is from October to November.
Winter season extends from December to March. January is the coldest month of the year. The temperature may drop to 0°C in some cities of Rajasthan like Churu. There are light and pleasant winds at this time.